We cannot predict where and when we are going to meet love of our life. Nowadays, when travelling is a norm and more and more borders are coming down, chances of meeting someone in another country are higher. In this article we will talk about the United Kingdom that has granted quite a lot of family visas.
If you know you have met someone you want to spend the rest of your life with, emotions and feelings overwhelm you to the point that nothing else matters, and least of all legal side of the situation. If your partner is a British citizen or UK permanent resident, you must sit down and discuss where you are going to live together, whether or not you need a British passport and how to arrange a wedding.
UK visas for those who plan to marry or are already married to a UK resident differ in their requirements and not always lead to naturalisation.
A couple can register their marriage either in a local council or in a church. At the beginning of the 20th century, the number of religious ceremonies exceeded the number of civil ones, but now the numbers are reversed.
Same-sex marriages are legal in the UK.
Popular wedding locations are castles, country clubs, mansion to pubs and bandstands in a park provided they are approved ceremony venues.
It is common to sign a prenuptial or postnuptial agreement. You might want to use an attorney to draft and review one.
Family law in the United Kingdom does not limit who British citizens can marry, but there are certain rules and requirements that must be met both by a resident and a non-resident partner. They must be complied with from initial visa application to extension and finally application for an indefinite leave to remain (ILR). Please also bear in mind that not all family visas lead to settlement. For example, a fiancée/fiancé visa is a short-term visa and does not make you eligible for ILR, same as a marriage visa. The only visa that leads to UK permanent residence is a spouse/civil partner visa.
An overview of different UK family visas: application process and requirements
If you are not planning to live in Great Britain but want your British friends and relatives to be present at your wedding, or you simply love the UK, this visa is for you.
It is a short-term permit (up to 6 months) that allows to enter the UK in order to get engaged or married. Once the marriage is registered, a non-resident partner (or both partners if they don’t live in the UK or are not British) must leave the country before their visa expires.
Almost all UK visas have restrictions and this one is not an exception. Because it is a visitor visa, you cannot do the following:
Are you engaged to a British citizen or someone who is UK permanent resident (same-sex partners included)? If the answer is ‘Yes’, you are eligible for a fiancé/fiancée visa valid for 6 months. Apply for it in your home country, go to the UK and marry within this timeframe. Once you get a marriage certificate, you can apply for a spouse visa without leaving the country. Unfortunately, you are not allowed to work or study in the UK on a fiancé/fiancée visa.
Not many people are aware that this visa category even exists. It is meant for both same-sex and opposite-sex partners that are not married and do not plan to. An unmarried partners visa will be granted if you have lived together for at least 2 years and been in a genuine relationship with a British national or a settled person.
Unmarried partner can apply for settlement after 5 years of continuous residence in the UK without long absences (time on a fiancé/fiancée visa is not counted towards this 5-year period).
This category has two different names because the first one applies to opposite-sex couples and the second one to same-sex ones. It does not matter who you are married to as long as you are married – that’s the key requirement.
The non-British spouse can apply for settlement after five years of living in the UK, provided they meet certain criteria (time on a fiancé/fiancée visa is not counted towards this 5-year period).
You are allowed to work and study in the UK while on a spouse visa. It is valid for 30 months if you apply in the UK and 33 months if outside the country. It is subject to extension.
Your visa application will be refused if you, as a fiancée/fiancé or husband/wife of a British citizen or a settled person, do not meet the following criteria:
If one partner has a British passport and the other is not a UK or EU national, you have two options for arranging your wedding.
To be able to get married in Great Britain, the non-resident partner must get a marriage or a fiancé/fiancée visa. In the first scenario, you must leave the country after the wedding and apply for a spouse visa from the country of your residence. Yes, you will be separated with your loved one for a while, but the other side of the coin is lower cost, less documents required and no financial requirement.
Fiancé/fiancée visa allows you to stay in the country after marriage and apply for a spouse visa in the UK. However, it is much more expansive and has financial requirements akin to a spouse visa: a British partner must earn at least £18,600 a year.
You can book your ceremony either in your country or anywhere else. Marrying in Europe would be easier for a British partner as they would not need a visa. Then you apply for a spouse visa to the UK and provide all the supporting evidence. Besides, a wedding can cost you less if arranged outside Great Britain.
Normally, it is a 5-year route to UK citizenship for foreign nationals who are on a spouse visa in the UK. It can be divided into following steps:
For both applications, extension in 2.5 years and ILR in 5 years, a couple must prove they are still married, living together and earning enough to meet the required minimum (£18,600) or have saving. Naturalisation application can be submitted straight away after obtaining ILR and only last 3 years will be considered and submitted with evidence.
If you do not meet the financial, accommodation or other requirement, you will only be eligible for settlement in ten years. However, if you manage to comply with them later, you can switch to a 5-year route. Talk to our immigration lawyers about your situation and options.
If you are blinded by your emotions and love, you fail to see all legal formalities and paperwork that must be taken care of so that you can spend the rest of your life with that person. Our qualified immigration lawyers from Imperial & Legal will be happy to take care of that on your behalf and guide you through the process smoothly. We will identify what family visa you need, prepare all the relevant documents and submit your application. When you are ready for settlement and naturalisation, we help you secure your status in the country. A successful visa is a key to a happy future together.
We will work with you to find a customised solution for your immigration, second citizenship, business, tax and other needs.
Family visas to the UK
Visas to the UK
Second passport by investment
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